Norovirus gastroenteritis front, the differences in symptoms, causes and treatment

Norovirus gastroenteritis front, the differences in symptoms, causes and treatment ; Home colon and digestive norovirus against gastroenteritis, differences in the symptoms, causes and treatment

by: Emily Lunardo | colon and digestive | Friday, June 24, 2016 – 14:30


norovirus vs.  gastroenteritis gastroenteritis and norovirus are both referred to as stomach flu, and yet none of these conditions has no relationship with the flu. Gastroenteritis is an inflammatory disease of the gastrointestinal tract. Norovirus also affects the gastrointestinal tract, but is caused by consuming contaminated food and water.

norovirus gastroenteritis and share many similarities, and saying to each other is often difficult. In fact, the norovirus is the most common form of gastroenteritis, which is a general term for inflammation of the stomach, intestines, or both, and can have many causes.

Because of their enormous similarities, here we will describe the symptoms, causes and treatments for the two conditions to help better understand the two.

norovirus, the most common cause of gastroenteritis in the US

norovirus is the leading cause of gastroenteritis. In developed countries, cases of norovirus are one in five, and in developing countries that are one in six. In developing countries, there are more bacteria and other pathogens that can cause gastroenteritis, ie, there are cases in general, less than norovirus.

norovirus against gastroenteritis: US prevalence

Norovirus 2016 outbreak update stomach flu The CDC estimates that 19 to 21 million Americans get sick with norovirus, resulting in hospitalizations and 56,000 to 71,000 between 570 and 800 deaths per year. Because norovirus is very contagious, outbreaks can occur in a short period of time, especially in confined places such as cruise ships and nursing homes.

The determination of gastroenteritis prevalence is difficult because many patients do not require hospitalization, so that cases are rarely recorded. It is estimated that each year three to five billion cases of acute diarrhea occur worldwide, with about 100 million in the US ..

It is estimated that severe gastroenteritis is responsible for about 10,000 deaths in the US

Comparison of gastroenteritis and norovirus: Signs and symptoms

There are two types of gastroenteritis, bacterial and viral, but any kind of cause the same symptoms, including vomiting, diarrhea , abdominal cramps, nausea, occasional muscle aches, headache and low-grade fever.

Signs and symptoms of norovirus are the same as gastroenteritis, and also include vomiting, abdominal cramps, diarrhea, fever, chills, muscle aches and nausea.

difference between norovirus and gastroenteritis causes

worldwide suffer foodborne diseases There are many different causes of viral gastroenteritis. Norovirus is the most common food poisoning in the world that can spread very quickly among populations. There are many norovirus outbreaks reported in areas where people live in close collaboration – such as schools, homes, retirement centers, and cruises. The norovirus is collected by consuming contaminated food or water, or being in close quarters with someone who is infected.

Another common cause of viral gastroenteritis are rotavirus, which commonly affects children. Rotavirus can be spread when a child touches a contaminated object and puts his finger in his mouth. In adults, symptoms may not appear, but they can still happen to affect others. In children, the virus can be very serious. In some countries, including the US, there is a better vaccine to help prevent viral gastroenteritis caused by rotavirus.

There are a number of different bacteria associated with bacterial gastroenteritis. Yersinia is in the pork, staph can be found in dairy products and meat, shigella is linked to the water in the pools, and salmonella is found in meat and dairy products. Meat and poultry may also contain bacteria called Campylobacter. E. coli is a bacterium associated with ground beef and salads.

Essentially, we can blame causes of bacterial gastroenteritis in improper food handling (contamination), improper food storage and thorough preparation of the meat. In 2000, an outbreak of E. coli in the water supply of Walkerton, a small town in Ontario, Canada, lead to seven deaths and 2,300 illnesses.

vs. norovirus gastroenteritis: Transmission and Prevention

norovirus is transmitted through consumption of contaminated food or water, physical contact with surfaces that are contaminated, or being around someone who is infected. A person is most contagious norovirus when you are sick and even a few days after the symptoms have disappeared.

norovirus outbreaks commonly occur in environments where there are many people in enclosed spaces such as cruises, day care centers, nursing homes, canteens, school dormitories and hospitals places.

Gastroenteritis can travel through viruses or bacteria and can be transmitted from person to person or from food to person. Direct contact with an infected person, food, or an object can make you sick with gastroenteritis.

Both norovirus and gastroenteritis are highly contagious, so it is important to take the necessary measures to avoid getting sick in one way or another condition.

Here are some prevention tips to consider:

  • Never forget to wash your hands thoroughly before handling food.
  • Wash all fruits and vegetables with a steel brush.
  • Use a cutting board meat.
  • wash all cutting boards and utensils in hot, soapy water after use.
  • clean kitchen counters with bleach or disinfectant.
  • preparing meat to a safe temperature to kill bacteria.
  • Remove diapers properly so that bacteria do not spread.
  • Wash hands thoroughly after contact with a sick person.

Difference in gastroenteritis and norovirus: Diagnosis and treatment

Stool test The diagnosis of any of gastroenteritis or norovirus involves an examination of symptoms, but norovirus can be detected in a stool sample. Other than that, there is no specific diagnostic tests for gastroenteritis and norovirus. Many times, unless symptoms are severe, patients do not go to see your doctor.

In many cases of bacterial gastroenteritis, symptoms do not appear until a few days after they have really infected. When you see a doctor, you may be asked to provide a stool sample for analysis. They can also ask about any recent trips that he may take, and their eating habits.

bacterial gastroenteritis treatment is not always necessary. You can leave without any intervention. In some situations, however, it can take weeks. It is important to replace fluids, especially if diarrhea and vomiting are a problem. No fluid intake, which is dehydrated and require an IV in a hospital.

Some medications can slow down when the diarrhea is very bad. In addition, antibiotics are sometimes prescribed for certain types of bacteria.

If you have a mild case of bacterial gastroenteritis, you can try the steps below to lower the road to recovery:

  • Drink fluids throughout the day.
  • Eat small amounts of food frequently, including salty foods.
  • consume foods containing potassium, such as bananas.
  • Only take medication if you have consulted with a doctor.
  • If you can not keep liquids, seek medical attention.
  • Get enough rest.

There is no cure for viral gastroenteritis, and unfortunately, you have to let it run its course, so prevention is the key. prevention tips for viral gastroenteritis are similar to those prevention tips for cold or flu – wash your hands frequently and properly, stay away from those who are sick, and staying home when sick to avoid transmission to others. It is also important to wash properly, prepare and cook food to reduce the risk of contamination. Getting a vaccination against rotavirus is a good idea too.

home remedies for viral gastroenteritis include reducing intake of solid foods, allowing your digestive to rest system, to keep clear liquids and broths civil, refreshments avoiding coffee or sugary drinks, introducing slowly foods in your diet as you begin to feel better, avoid caffeine, dairy products, nicotine and spicy foods, plenty of rest, and being aware of certain drugs, as they may worsen the symptoms of stomach.

Staying hydrated is very important in the treatment of viral gastroenteritis, as dehydration can lead to additional problems and complications and can even land at the hospital.

If you think you have contracted viral gastroenteritis, avoid sharing objects with those around you to prevent the spread of the disease.

The same treatment options are used for norovirus too. The key is to prevent dehydration as much as possible, because it is a common complication associated with norovirus. Unfortunately, there is no cure for any of these conditions, so you must simply run its course.

Sources:
http://www.belmarrahealth.com/viral-gastroenteritis-stomach-flu-causes-symptoms-treatment-and-home-remedies/
http://www.belmarrahealth.com/bacterial-gastroenteritis-causes-symptoms-treatment-and-home-remedies/
http://www.belmarrahealth.com/norovirus-vs-flu-influenza-differences-in-symptoms-transmission-and-prevention/
http://www.medicinenet.com/gastroenteritis_stomach_flu/article.htm
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/norovirus/basics/definition/con-20029968
http://www.cdc.gov/features/norovirus/
http://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases_conditions/hic_Gastroenteritis
http://www.medicinenet.com/gastroenteritis_stomach_flu/page4.htm#how_is_gastroenteritis_diagnosed
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/norovirus/basics/tests-diagnosis/con-20029968



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