Multiple sclerosis against Parkinson’s disease, differences in the symptoms, causes and treatment ;
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease that affects the nervous system, while Parkinson’s disease is a progressive neurological disorder that affects movement. Symptoms of multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease are quite similar at times, but there are clear differences that set the two conditions apart.
The causes of multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease are not well known, although there is some speculation to its roots. We will describe these speculated causes and highlight the symptoms, risk factors, complications, treatment and therapies for both multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease to raise their consciousness in each disorder.
Relationship between multiple sclerosis against Parkinson’s disease
Researchers have found that nerve pathways in the gut and the brain may be related to multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease. Dr. Anton Emmanuel explained, “The gut and brain share the same chemical nerve and have a dialogue. That’s why when you feel stress and other strong emotions such as fear, which leads to gastrointestinal symptoms, such as run the [fourth] “
the study suggests that an unhealthy intestine can trigger the onset of the disease brain as the brain signals to the gut can also travel in the opposite direction -. from intestine brain. The study results were published in the journal Movement Disorders , where researchers found that patients with Parkinson’s disease have a higher prevalence of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SBI).
The researchers suggest that bacteria produce toxic chemicals affect nerves in the intestine and thus cause damage to the brain. This can cause the onset of multiple sclerosis or Parkinson’s disease.
Dr. Emmanuel said, “We now think that neurological diseases such as multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s are related to the gut being more permeable, allowing pathogens into the bloodstream and agents cause an antibody response. Any pathogens directly or immune response agents, indirectly, can damage the nervous tissue. “
researchers are studying the genomes of bacteria that can help identify the bacteria so that doctors can treat specifically as a means to prevent Parkinson’s disease and multiple sclerosis.
Multiple sclerosis vs. Parkinson’s disease: US prevalence and economic impact
Anyone can develop MS, but affects mostly 20 to 40 years old. The prevalence of multiple sclerosis in the United States It is estimated at over 400,000 cases, and about 200 new cases are diagnosed each week. Rates of multiple sclerosis are higher in remote areas of Ecuador, so the rates are higher in the US North
The direct and indirect costs resulting from multiple sclerosis can range from $ 8,528 to $ 54,244.
One million Americans live with Parkinson’s disease. The average Parkinson’s disease including treatment, lost wages of labor, and social security payments cost is $ 25 billion annually in the US
Differentiating symptoms of multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease
Signs and symptoms of MS include numbness or weakness in one or more limbs, partial or loss of complete vision, double vision prolonged, tingling or pain, electric shock sensations, tremors and lack of coordination, fatigue, dizziness, slurred speech and problems with bowel function and bladder.
symptoms of the disease
Parkinson usually begin with tremors followed by muscle rigidity, difficulty walking, standing or changes in speech, slow movements, problems with posture and balance, loss of automatic movements, and changes of writing.
As you can see, Parkinson’s disease and multiple sclerosis have some symptoms in common, which can make diagnosis difficult early.
Comparison of multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease causes
Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks the myelin, causing damage and exposing nerve fibers. Like many autoimmune diseases, the exact cause is unknown, but environmental, immunological, infectious , , and genetic factors have been found to play a role in the onset of multiple sclerosis.
When certain nerve cells in the brain begin to die or break that is what causes Parkinson’s disease, but why this occurs is unclear. Some of the factors contributing to the death of nerve cells include genetics as specific gene mutations have been identified to contribute to Parkinson’s disease, environmental factors such as exposure to certain toxins, presence of Lewy bodies in the brain and alpha-synuclein in Lewy bodies found.
Multiple sclerosis against Parkinson’s disease: risk factors and complications
Risk factors for multiple sclerosis include being female, having a family history multiple sclerosis, which have certain infections, being more remote target of European descent who live far from Ecuador, living in temperate regions, as it has an autoimmune disease and smoking.
Complications resulting from multiple sclerosis include muscle stiffness and spasms, paralysis, problems with bladder, bowel and sexual function, as well as lack of memory, mood swings, depression and epilepsy.
Risk factors for Parkinson’s disease include being over 50, being male, having a family history of Parkinson’s disease, leading genetic variations, experiencing a head injury, exposure to toxins environmental, and taking certain medications such as anti anxiety medications or sleeping pills.
Complications associated with Parkinson’s disease include difficulty thinking, depression, emotional changes, swallowing problems, sleep problems and disorders, bladder problems, constipation, changes in blood pressure, the smell of dysfunction, fatigue, pain and sexual dysfunction.
Multiple sclerosis against Parkinson’s disease: Treatment and therapies
Treatment for Multiple Sclerosis is lifelong, and although it can not cure the disease, It aims to minimize the symptoms and allow patients to live as normal a life as possible. Some methods of treatment include corticosteroids and plasma exchange, beta interferons, glatiramer acetate, dimethyl fumarate, fingolimod, teriflunomide, natalizumab, alemtuzumab, and mitoxantrone, which help reduce the likelihood of relapse.
Other treatment methods include physical therapy to improve mobility, muscle relaxants, drugs to reduce fatigue, and other medications such as antidepressants, drugs to control bowels and bladder, and medications to improve function sexual.
exercise, meditation, yoga and acupuncture are also recommended as a means to reduce stress and improve overall Mental and physical well-being.
There is no cure for Parkinson’s disease as well, but treatments are available to control symptoms and slow the progression of the disease as much as possible. Along with traditional treatments, supportive therapies are also used to improve different aspects of a person’s health.
common drugs prescribed in Parkinson’s disease include dopamine replacement therapy, dopamine agonists, anticholinergics, amantadine, monomine oxidase inhibitors type B, and inhibitors of catechol-o-methyl.
Surgery is also a treatment option for Parkinson’s disease and is best suited for those who had a good response to levodopa, but still have difficulties with movement or experiencing large fluctuations in their levels levodopa.
Supportive therapies for Parkinson’s disease include physical therapy to improve movement, occupational therapy, speech and language, and dietary changes, such as increasing fiber intake and salt, eat frequently but in smaller portions, and adjust the diet to prevent unintentional weight loss.
can work closely with your doctor to create a specific treatment plan for you.
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