Lyme disease against Zika virus, differences in the symptoms, causes and treatment ; Home “ General Health ”
Lyme disease and Zika virus are known as zoonotic diseases, ie that they come from animals and spread to humans . Both diseases are currently on the rise in the US and around the world, so it is important to have a good understanding of each in order to effectively protect yourself and your family way.
Lyme disease is transmitted through tick bites, while the Zika virus is transmitted by mosquitoes. Both can lead to serious illness and complications. Lyme disease can be contracted in the US, where the habitats of ticks that transmit Lyme disease can be found. Zika, however, is spreading mainly through Central and South America, and although there are some cases in the United States, too, there is no local transmission so far.
Lyme disease or virus Zika 😕 What is more dangerous
Although the Zika virus is constantly appearing in news headlines, should probably be more concerned about Lyme disease. Zika virus is a more serious threat if traveling to countries with infected mosquito. Lyme disease, however, is transmitted locally, so if you are not careful you can actually develop Lyme disease way before they even risk of contracting the virus Zika.
The prevalence of Lyme disease is increasing, despite providing any particular estimate, it is difficult for the CDC as many cases go unreported or are misdiagnosed for another condition.
Zika virus poses the greatest threat to fetuses and pregnant women, but actually Lyme disease can become a chronic disease of infected people. Moreover, Zika virus has no cure or treatment available, while Lyme disease does. Still, the risk of complications increases with delayed treatment of Lyme disease.
is difficult to say with certainty what is necessarily more dangerous, but Lyme disease generally represents a larger risk -. Right in your own backyard
Lyme disease against Zika virus: prevalence USA
There are approximately 30,000 cases of Lyme disease reported annually, but it is not an accurate reflection of how they actually occur many cases, since these are only incidents reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Disease.
In order to improve the collection of data on Lyme disease, the CDC has established two different studies known as Project 1 and Project 2 Project 1 estimated 228,000 cases of Lyme disease through laboratory tests, and Project 2 estimated 329,000 cases of Lyme disease based on medical information from insurance claims databases.
There is no locally transmitted cases of Zika, but the US has reported a total of 820 cases they represent those who have traveled abroad. There are talks ongoing Zika virus can kill mosquitoes in the US Or even south along the east coast, as a result of global warming.
difference between Zika virus and Lyme disease: Signs and symptoms
symptoms of Zika virus include fever, rash, joint pain, redness eyes, headaches and muscle pain. Zika Many patients experience no symptoms, so it will remain unaware of the virus, which increases the risk of transmission to others. Furthermore, incubation period Zika still not well understood, but researchers estimate that is from a few days to a few weeks.
Early symptoms of Lyme disease include fever, chills, headache, muscle and joint pain, swollen lymph nodes, and erythema migrans rash, which looks like a porthole. As the disease progresses, symptoms may worsen to severe headache and stiff neck, with additional rashes, arthritis accompanied by severe joint pain and swelling, loss of muscle mass in the face, intermittent pain in the tendons , joints and bones, heart palpitations or irregular heartbeat, dizziness or shortness of breath, nerve pain, throbbing pain, numbness or tingling and problems with short term memory.
Comparing Zika and Lyme disease: causes and transmission
Lyme disease is caused by the bite of the tick Ixodes scapularis, or deer tick. These ticks are not inherently infected with Lyme disease, but they get to feed an affected animal. These ticks can be found in woodlands and prefer moist areas under the trees. Because ticks are so small, it is difficult to realize that they are in you, much less that you are biting, so it is important to cover your body and check yourself occasionally whether to give a walk.
tick populations are higher in the East, Midwest and West Coast, but can be found throughout the US
There is some debate about how long it takes for a tick to infect a person. Some experts suggest that it is up to 24 hours from the attachment, and others believe it is even less than that. Essentially, the longer a tick is attached to you, the greater the risk of Lyme disease is.
Zika virus is transmitted through mosquito bites of Andes species. These mosquitoes usually lay their eggs near stagnant water and are quite aggressive during the day, but they can also bite at night. Mosquitoes acquire the virus after biting an infected person and still pass it on to other people through bites.
Zika transmission can also occur from mother to fetus, sexual contact and blood transfusions. Once infected, you become immune to the virus.
Zika against Lyme disease: Risk factors and complications
Risk factors for Lyme disease include long hours in grassy, wooded areas (especially in the East, Midwest, and the west coast), which has exposed skin as ticks can easily be connected to the bare skin, and not properly remove ticks once detected. Moreover, the faster a tick from the skin is removed, the lower the risk of contracting Lyme disease will be.
If Lyme disease is detected early, antibiotics can be administered immediately to reduce complications, but if treatment is delayed, chronic complications can arise, including fatigue, arthritis, joint pain, headaches, impaired short-term memory, numbness, palsy (facial paralysis) Bell , heart problems, including slow or irregular heartbeat, and depression, which can be triggered by living with the complications of Lyme disease.
Risk factors of Zika virus include the bite of an infected mosquito (which is more likely if you visit a country where the mosquitoes thrive) having sex with an infected person, and being pregnant because it can pass the virus to the fetus, leading to birth defects.
The major complications of Zika virus are birth defects in infants and Guillain-Barre syndrome. Although much research has come to light that reveals an association between birth defects and Zika virus, further research is still required in order to fully understand the mechanisms underlying this association.
In addition, complications are more likely to occur in women or women trying to become pregnant pregnant. If a woman is pregnant or trying to become pregnant, the CDC reports that avoid areas with known cases of Zika and take steps to protect themselves against mosquito bites precautions. This can be done by using mosquito repellent, wearing long sleeves and long pants, and stay home as much as possible.
For women living in areas Zika-mounted, condom use is highly recommended as an alternative to sexual abstinence. The same protocol should be considered if a man has visited a country plagued by Zika country and has returned – should refrain from sex for at least eight weeks. If a man has been diagnosed with Zika, sex should be avoided for six months.
Difference in Lyme disease and Zika virus: Diagnosis and treatment
Diagnosis of Lyme disease involves looking erythema migrans rash was reported in 70 percent cases of Lyme disease. Your doctor will also assess your symptoms and confirm the diagnosis with a blood test.
For the treatment of Lyme disease, your doctor will put you on a regimen of antibiotics, which can be taken for several weeks. It is important that the drug completely finished, even if you start to feel better. Note that some antibiotics may make your skin more sensitive to sunlight, so you should avoid exposure to the sun for prolonged periods of time.
Zika virus is diagnosed by examining the patient’s medical history, asking if they have recently traveled abroad, and running blood tests to detect the virus in the blood.
Because there is no vaccine available for Zika, you must use alternative methods of prevention in order to reduce the risk of contracting the virus. Zika prevention tips include:
- stay in air-conditioned homes and well reviewed.
- Reschedule outdoor activities and avoid high times for mosquitoes.
- Wear protective clothing -. long sleeves, long pants, hats, socks, shoes and
- Use mosquito repellent.
- Reduce mosquito habitats options – eliminate standing water, which can be found in the sources, cubes, etc.
Treatments for Zika virus include plenty of rest, drink fluids to prevent dehydration and taking medication to reduce fever and pain. Do not take anti-inflammatory drugs or aspirin to treat Zika virus.
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