Lyme disease against lupus, differences in the symptoms, causes and treatment options

Lyme disease against lupus, differences in the symptoms, causes and treatment options ;

Lyme disease vs. lupus Lyme disease and lupus both begin with the letter L, and that no it is the only aspect they share. In fact, many of the symptoms of Lyme disease may occur as lupus and vice versa. That is why it is important to be aware of their clear differences in order to adequately treat either condition.

Lyme disease is caused by a tick bite that transmits the bacteria causing the infection. Lupus, moreover, is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease, meaning that the immune system itself and other organs in the body attacks.

both Lyme disease and lupus, a characteristic rash may appear and both conditions can result in pain as well. Here is a more detailed description of Lyme disease and lupus to help you distinguish between the two.

Connection between lupus and Lyme disease

Lyme disease and lupus share many symptoms, such as atrioventricular block, which may present as heart palpitations. Other common symptoms include joint pain, fever, fatigue, headache, rash, and complications of the central nervous system.

Both conditions can affect the knees. Lyme disease can also cause pain in the large joints, while lupus affects children. Arthritis can also be seen in both Lyme disease and lupus, resulting in joint pain, too.

fever occurs mostly in the early stages of Lyme disease and during outbreaks of lupus. Fatigue is also happening in both diseases, but Lyme disease may disappear with proper treatment, and in lupus is more common and can affect up to 90 percent of patients.

against Lyme disease lupus: US prevalence and economic impact

Chronic Lyme disease symptoms The Centers for Disease Control and Disease Prevention estimated that cases of Lyme disease are closer to 300,000 a year in the US, considering the many cases that go unreported. The number of cases is around 30,000. Even the CDC estimate can not fully represent the magnitude of the problem Lyme disease, as eight national surveys show Lyme disease cases closer to a million. The economic impact of Lyme disease in the US health system is $ 16,199 per patient or $ 3.34 billion a year.

cases of lupus are estimated around 1.5 million dollars in the US and at least one in five people around the world. Lupus affects women between 15 and 44 years longer than men. The economic impact of lupus in the US is $ 12,643 a patient and $ 8,659 in lost productivity.

Differences between Lyme disease and lupus, signs and symptoms

We have highlighted some of the common signs and symptoms in both Lyme disease and lupus, and now we to explore the differences between the two.

In lupus, not all patients experience the same symptoms, but there are some common to all patients can find. Lupus symptoms appear slowly and may be temporary or chronic. Many patients experience a flare, which is an increase in symptoms.

Lupus symptoms vary depending on the affected part of the body or organ. Some of the common symptoms of lupus include:

  • Fatigue and fever
  • Joint pain, stiffness and swelling
  • butterfly-shaped rash on face
  • cutaneous lesions that worsen in sun exposure
  • fingers white or blue are put in cold stress or during
  • Breathlessness
  • chest pains
  • eyes dry
  • headaches, confusion or memory loss

the trademark sign of disease Lyme disease is a rash that appears like a bullseye known as erythema migrans. This rash occurs in 70 to 80 percent of patients and is in the area of ​​the tick bite. Other signs and symptoms of classic Lyme disease include fever, headache, muscle aches and fatigue.

Symptoms of Lyme disease can occur at any time from three to 30 days after infection. As a result, you may forget or may not remember being bitten by a tick, adding to the confusion when symptoms occur.

Symptoms of Lyme disease can progress in some patients causing severe joint pain, stiff neck, headaches, dizziness, throbbing pain, changes in heart rate, and problems with nervous system if not treated properly.

Comparing lupus and Lyme disease: causes and transmission

In Lupus patients, anti-inflammatory immune cells are maturing into pro-inflammatory cell types, study Lupus is an autoimmune disease that can be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Some individuals seem to have a predisposition to develop lupus, and when they encounter something in their environment that triggers lupus symptoms arise and are active disease.

potential triggers of lupus include exposure to sunlight, you have an infection, or taking certain medications such as anti-seizure medications, blood pressure medications, and even antibiotics.

Lyme disease, on the other hand, is caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi and Borrelia mayonii carried black-legged tick or deer ticks. When a tick bites you, the bacteria are transmitted, and the longer a tick is present in the skin is increased risk of developing Lyme disease.

against Lyme disease lupus: Risk factors and complications

Lupus is an autoimmune disease, so it may not be possible to completely avoid. Some risk factors that have been found to increase the chances of developing lupus include being a woman, who is between the ages of 15-44, being African American, Hispanic / Latino, American Asian, Native American, Native Hawaiian or islands Pacific, and having a family history of lupus. About 5 to 13 percent of people who develop lupus have some family history of the disease.

Because lupus can have an impact on the whole body, there are numerous complications that can occur, including kidney damage, kidney failure, complications in the brain and nervous system, leading to headaches and memory problems, blood problems such as anemia, inflammation of the lungs, inflammation of the heart, increases the risk of infections, cancer, death of bone tissue and complications during pregnancy and miscarriage.

Lyme disease can only be contracted through a tick bite, so a big risk factor is spending time in wooded areas, grassy, ​​especially in the northeastern regions or middle western US If the skin is exposed may increase the risk of tick catch and transmission of bacteria. Finally, if a tick is spotted, remove immediately.

complications of chronic Lyme disease include joint, neurological symptoms, cognitive defects and irregularities in heart rhythm inflammation.

Lyme disease and lupus: diagnosis and treatment options

Use-of-antibiotics Lyme disease is diagnosed by analyzing symptoms, conducting a physical examination, review medical history of the patient, and running some tests, including test enzyme-linked immunosorbent, western blot, and polymerase chain reaction. These tests detect antibodies to confirm the diagnosis.

Lyme disease is treated with a regimen of antibiotics over the course of several weeks. If Lyme disease is persistent, intravenous antibiotics are used.

To diagnose lupus, laboratory tests, imaging tests and biopsies can be used. Your doctor may order a complete blood count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate observing how quickly blood cells at the bottom of a tube (a rapid rate indicates a systemic disease), kidney and liver assessments, urinalysis and antibody test antinuclear.

Imaging tests include chest x-ray and an echocardiogram to check for fluid in the lung and heart valves.

There are several treatment options for lupus, including corticosteroids, antimalarials, repository corticotropin injection (containing adrenocorticotropic hormone), and aspirin. Other medicines to treat coexisting conditions include diuretics, blood pressure medications, anti-seizure medications, antibiotics for infections and medication to strengthen bones to prevent osteoporosis that accompanies.

Difference in Lyme disease prevention and lupus

Prevention of Lyme disease involves reducing your risk of a tick bite. prevention tips for this include being covered in forest, grassy areas, the use of insect repellent, self-control, children and pets for ticks and removing a tick in the immediate discovery one – the longer it stays on, the greater the risk of infection.

Because the exact cause of lupus is not well understood, as in many autoimmune diseases, avoiding completely is hard. What you can do if you have lupus it is to manage your condition to reduce the risk of flares. This can be done by avoiding triggers, such as sunlight, paying attention to your diet, exercising regularly, as well as recording your symptoms and document what triggers them.


Sources:
http://www.livestrong.com/article/112168-lyme-disease-symptoms-mimic-lupus/
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/lupus/basics/definition/con-20019676
http://lymediseaseguide.org/lyme-disease-lupus
http://www.omicsonline.org/open-access/lyme-disease-beyond-erythema-migrans-2155-9554-1000330.php?aid=70616
http://usbiologic.com/lyme-disease/
http://www.lupus.org/about/statistics-on-lupus
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/lupus/basics/symptoms/con-20019676
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