Influenza (flu) against strep throat, differences in the symptoms, causes and treatment

Influenza (flu) against strep throat, differences in the symptoms, causes and treatment ; Home Immune System cold and flu influenza (flu) vs. Strep throat, differences in the symptoms, causes and treatment

By: Dr. Victor Marchione | cold and flu | Tuesday, June 28, 2016 – 02:00 pm


Influenza (flu) vs strep Influenza (flu) and strep throat may seem like one and the same, but they are two very different diseases and primary distinction it is the origin of the disease. The flu is caused by a virus and strep throat is caused by bacteria.

Strep throat and flu can also share some symptoms but key differences to help distinguish symptomatic diagnosis. Both diseases are highly contagious and can lead to harmful complications -. Especially for risk groups such as the elderly, children, pregnant women and people with weak immune systems

Anyone at any age can get the flu or whether strep throat, and there is no treatment available for strep throat -. Unlike influenza

Here we describe the similarities and differences between strep throat and flu to help you get a clearer understanding of the two.

How to know that the flu streptococcus

As mentioned, strep throat and flu can have similar symptoms, but if you want to know for sure which of them has, look in a mirror and say “ahh.” What is sought is redness of the tonsils and white spots, besides having a sore throat, of course. This is a big difference between the flu and strep throat. Flu can cause a sore throat redness, but white spots will not occur in the throat -. This is a sign of streptococcus

Furthermore, nasal congestion and cough are very rarely seen in strep throat, but are more common in influenza.

For an accurate diagnosis, visit your doctor for a throat swab to detect cultures.

versus Flu strep throat: US prevalence

Influenza is a seasonal disease, which occurs predominantly during the fall and winter. The annual rate of flu worldwide is five to 10 percent in adults and 20 to 30 percent in children. During the peak of the flu season, hospitals can be overwhelmed with patients. The impact of the pandemic results in a high number of lost productivity and absenteeism.

It is estimated that there are between 9,000 and 11,500 cases of strep throat in the US annually. Deaths from invasive strep throat cases occur in 10 to 15 percent of patients. Strep throat is most common among school-age children, but adults can still also develop.

Strep throat flu: Signs and symptoms

seasonal allergies Symptoms of strep throat can vary in severity and even from person to person. Common symptoms of strep throat include sudden high fever, sore throat red, white spots in the throat, headache, chills, loss of appetite, swollen lymph nodes in the neck, and difficulty swallowing. Symptoms of strep throat may appear within five days of exposure to the bacteria.

Common symptoms of flu include fever, cough, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, muscle or body aches, headaches, fatigue, and sometimes nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.

difference between the flu and strep throat cause

The flu is spread from person to person and can travel up to six feet. Flu travels through droplets when an infected person coughs, sneezes or talks. Transmission occurs when these droplets enter the mouth or nose of another person. Influenza can also be transmitted by touching a contaminated object and then the nose or mouth touched. There are three main flu strains – A, B, and C -. And the annual vaccine combines different varieties of circulating strains in order to provide optimum protection

Influenza is highly contagious and a person can infect other people even being aware that you have the flu. The flu is most contagious from one day before symptoms appear and up to seven days after getting sick.

Strep throat is caused by a bacterium known as group A Streptococcus , specifically Streptococcus pyogenes. The bacteria invade the tissues of the pharynx, causing inflammation. These bacteria are highly contagious and can be transmitted through contact drops or sharing food and drink.

Influenza against strep throat: Risk factors and complications

Viral pneumonia more likely to affect children than bacterial pneumonia Risk factors for influenza include being under the age of five years or over 65 years, being pregnant, being obese, residing in nursing homes, who have asthma or neurological and neurodevelopmental disorders, chronic pulmonary disease, heart disease, blood disorders, endocrine disorders, kidney disorders, liver disorders, metabolic disorders, and has a weakened immune system.

If the flu is left untreated, can result in complications and can even be fatal for certain age groups, including seniors. The flu-related complications are bronchitis, pneumonia, aggravation of other conditions, sinusitis and ear infections.

Have an early age is a risk factor, such as strep throat is most common in school-age children. Note that bacteria tend to bloom in spring and autumn, so the risk of strep throat is much higher during this time.

strep throat is treatable, but if not corrected, can lead to complications, including infection of the tonsils, sinuses, skin, blood, and middle ear, along with inflammatory responses such as scarlet fever, inflammation of the kidneys, and rheumatic fever, a serious condition that can affect the heart, lungs and joints.

Differentiation of flu and strep throat: Diagnosis and treatment

The main treatment recommendations for influenza are much rest and fluid replacement, especially if the patient has diarrhea or vomiting. In some cases, the doctor may prescribe antiviral drugs, usually if the flu is quite serious. If these medicines are taken fairly soon, duration of the disease will be shortened. It is important to note that flu drugs do not cure the flu, but simply shorten the duration of illness. Some medications, however, it does come with some side effects, which can be reduced if the drug is taken with food.

The first line of defense against the flu is getting the annual flu shot. To reduce your risk of getting the flu or spreading, you should wash your hands frequently and thoroughly or use alcohol-based hand sanitizers when soap and water are not available. Cover your coughs and sneezes with your sleeve or a tissue, and avoid large crowds, especially during flu season. If you are sick, take the time to stay home and avoid contact with others to prevent transmission of infection.

The diagnosis of strep throat is done through a physical examination in which your doctor will take a look at your throat and check for redness, white patches, and swollen lymph nodes. In addition, the doctor may take a sample of the culture of the throat – results can be disclosed within five minutes to determine the bacteria causing their discomfort. If the quick throat swab is negative, but your doctor still suspects strep throat, which can be sent to a laboratory for further analysis.

Strep throat is most commonly treated with antibiotics because it is caused by a bacteria. The prescribed treatment course should be completed even if you begin to feel better in the first couple of days.
There are home remedies you can try to relieve sore throat, including drinking plenty of hot and cold liquids, using a cold humidifier steam, taking over-the-counter pain medications, taking throat lozenges and gargling saltwater.

Sources:
http://www.wisegeekhealth.com/how-do-i-tell-the-difference-between-flu-and-strep-throat.htm
http://www.healthline.com/health/strep-throat#Overview1
http://www.cdc.gov/groupastrep/clinicians.html
http://www.emedicinehealth.com/strep_throat/article_em.htm
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/strep-throat/symptoms-causes/dxc-20165964
http://www.healthline.com/health/strep-throat#Treatments6
http://www.belmarrahealth.com/influenza-flu-vs-bronchitis-differences-in-symptoms-transmission-and-treatment/
http://www.ehow.com/how_2096566_tell-flu-from-strep.html



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