IBS vs IBD: Causes, symptoms, risk factors and complications

IBS vs IBD: Causes, symptoms, risk factors and complications ; Home colon and digestive colon health IBS vs IBD: causes, symptoms, risk factors and complications

By: Mohan Garikiparithi | colon and digestive | Friday, July 8, 2016 – 06:00 pm

IBD vs IBS Recently, there has been a lot of press on two gastrointestinal diseases often misunderstood inflammatory bowel disease ie (IBD) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). EII, as its name suggests, is a chronic inflammation of the intestines. IBS, moreover is a non inflammatory condition of the bowel.

As expected, irritable bowel syndrome vs inflammatory bowel disease discussion is a difficult matter. Since both conditions affecting the intestine and most importantly, because they share many common symptoms are often misdiagnosed. As the discussion vs IBD IBS is an ongoing process, it is important to understand the difference between irritable bowel syndrome and inflammatory bowel to reach a correct diagnosis.

Being of an inflammatory nature, IBD can occur in many avatars – Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, indeterminate colitis and other inflammations

Furthermore, IBS is a functional disorder. . Which it means, it is not a disease in itself, so that the symptoms have no identifiable cause. IBS patients show no clinical signs of disease and often have normal results. IBS is often referred to as spastic colitis or mucous colitis, but that is a wrong nomenclature as SIIT means inflammation and IBS does not cause inflammation.

IBD produces destructive inflammation that is absent in IBS, so in many ways it is a more serious condition. It could result in intestinal bleeding, permanent damage to the intestines, or other harmful complications such as colon cancer and other gastrointestinal diseases. IBD often requires hospitalization and treatment usually involves surgery or immunosuppressant medications potent as steroids I

While IBS is not such a critical condition that can seriously affect the quality of a person life, because it can cause great discomfort and distress. As they ran IBS symptoms range from mild discomfort to disable the function that can interfere with a person’s social life, ability to work or travel, and also affect his / her own image.

As expected, people with IBD are more likely to seek medical care for their symptoms compared to people with IBS.

Although both IBS and IBD can occur equally in both sexes at any age, there seems to be an affinity with the weaker sex and also a tendency to run in families.

Irritable bowel syndrome and inflammatory bowel disease: Is there a connection

The short answer to this question is yes. On one hand, both are diseases of the intestines. In fact, IBS produces some symptoms similar to those of IBD. That said, the two are not the same condition, and it is important to remember this because treatment for these two conditions is very different. Doctors face a scenario IBS-IBD are aware of the fact that getting an accurate diagnosis is essential for effective management of these two intestinal conditions.

EII vs SII: US prevalence

It is estimated that about 1.3 million people in the United States currently suffer from IBD. However it should be noted that as misdiagnosis is very common, a lot of cases may go unnoticed. Although the cause of the condition is unknown, there is a tendency for subpopulations IBD affects some more than others. For example IBD occurs more in Caucasians and Ashkenazi Jewish people than in other racial and ethnic subgroups. When it comes to gender distribution, ulcerative colitis is slightly more common in men, while Crohn’s disease is more common in women.

Although not all individuals with IBS symptoms seek medical attention for their symptoms, there are between 2.4 and 3.5 million annual medical visits for IBS in the United States alone. However, the severity of symptoms varies. Among patients with IBS, 25 percent have severe IBS, IBS 35 percent moderate, and about 40 percent of people have mild IBS.

IBS vs IBD: Signs and symptoms

The researchers conclude that the muscles in the colon of a contract IBS patient more easily than in normal people driving the various symptoms, including:

  • diarrhea, constipation or alternating between the two
  • abdominal pain or cramps (usually in the lower half of the abdomen)
  • stronger or looser bowel movements than the average
  • excess gas

symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are dictated by the condition causing IBD – Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, colitis, enteritis, ileitis, proctitis and which are all inflammation in different areas of the intestine.

Depending on where the disease occurs in the intestine, the symptoms of Crohn’s disease vary. In general, symptoms include:

  • Chronic diarrhea
  • Feeling of a mass or fullness in the bottom, right side of the abdomen
  • Sensitivity & abdominal pain
  • Fever
  • weight loss

patients with IBD can also present with gastrointestinal symptoms that are like:

  • eye ​​discomfort
  • extreme fatigue
  • joint pain
  • rectal bleeding

can stress IBD or IBS causes?

There is no cause-effect relationship between stress and clear many gastrointestinal symptoms. And IBD and IBS are no different. However, stress leads to IBS much more often than with IBD.

In patients with IBS, there is an increase in gastrointestinal response (GI) stress, which can be anything that can stimulate the gastrointestinal tract, including:

  • Diet
  • physical activity
  • psychological stress
  • hormonal changes

There are several types of stressors that can affect symptoms SII. These may be psychological (such as job loss, divorce, abuse history) or physical (eg, infection, surgery) in origin. Or, it could be the result of both.

Unlike IBS, there is no evidence that IBD symptoms are caused by stress, and herein lies one of the key differences between the two. Having said this, remember that stress is one of the factors that cause inflammation.

difference between irritable bowel syndrome and inflammatory bowel disease – causes

There is still much debate about the true cause of IBS. While stress is certainly an important aspect, researchers now believe that the main cause of IBS is an alteration in the way the brain and the gut interact.

The researchers found that people with IBS have irregular patterns of motility colon due to an unusual sensation in the nerve endings in the gut. Therefore, the term “irritable.” Because of this increased sensitivity, ordinary stimuli – food, stress, hormonal changes, bloating, and certain medicines or food -. They can trigger an exaggerated response in people with IBS, causing irregular bowel motility

As with IBS, the cause of IBD is unknown. However, history points to genetics and problems with the immune system. A family history of the disease increases the risk of IBD. And in cases where there is no family history, an autoimmune response is the most likely cause. Normally, when the body tries to fight infection, the digestive tract becomes inflamed. When the infection is gone, the inflammation goes away. That is a healthy immune response. However, in the case of IBD, however, intestinal inflammation can occur even when no infection. The immune system thinks the body’s own cells are an infection and attacks them. This is called an autoimmune response.

Irritable bowel syndrome vs Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Risk Factors and Complications

Risk factors for developing inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)

the major risk factors for the development of ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease include:

Smoking smokers are more prone to IBD

Race: Caucasians and Ashkenazi Jews have a higher risk

age: IBD can occur at any age, but in most cases, begins before age 35

Genetics family history increases the risk

geographic region: people living in urban areas have increased risk of developing IBD. IBD is also more common among people who live in northern climates where cold

Labour People with jobs white collar also at increased risk of BI

Sex: While IBD affects both sexes equally, ulcerative colitis is more common among men and Crohn’s disease is more common among women

risk factors for developing irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

who are more likely to have IBS if you are:

  • Young. IBS tends to occur in people younger than 45 years
  • Women. Overall, about twice as many women as men have the condition
  • Regarding a patient with IBS. Studies suggest that people who have a relative with IBS may have an increased risk of the disease
  • The suffering of a mental health problem. Anxiety, depression, personality disorder and a history of sexual abuse in childhood are risk factors. For women, domestic violence may be a risk factor as well

The diagnosis of IBS vs IBD

Because there is usually no physical signs to definitively diagnose IBS, doctors often resort to a process of eliminating other conditions to reach a diagnosis.

If you fit the criteria for IBS, your doctor may suggest a course of treatment without further testing. But if you do not respond to this treatment, you may need more tests, such as:


  • flexible sigmoidoscopy
  • colonoscopy
  • X-ray (radiograph)
  • computed tomography (CT)
  • lower number of gastrointestinal tract

laboratory tests:

  • evidence of lactose intolerance
  • breath tests
  • blood tests
  • stool test

to diagnose IBD, the doctor first will ask about the medical history of your family and depositions. A physical examination may then be followed by one or more diagnostic tests.

    • Stool samples and blood tests
    • barium enema
    • flexible sigmoidoscopy, and colonoscopy
    • Capsule endoscopy
    • The simple X-Ray or
    • X-ray computed tomography (CT)
    • magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

treatment options for irritable bowel syndrome and inflammatory bowel disease

Because it is not clear what causes irritable bowel syndrome, treatment focuses on the symptom relief, so that you can live as normally as possible.

In most cases, you can successfully control the signs and symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome mild learning to manage stress and make changes in your diet and lifestyle.

Dietary changes:

      • Eliminating foods high gas
      • eliminating gluten
      • FODMAPs removal of (fermentable oligo-, di- and monosaccharides and polyols)


      • fiber supplements
      • antidiarrheal drugs
      • anticholinergic and antispasmodic drugs
      • antidepressants
      • antibiotics

in the case of IBD, the course of treatment is to address reliable either inflammation or immune response. This can be done either by antibiotics or immunosuppressants or immunomodulators (), which prevent immune system attacks the intestine and causing inflammation.

The key message in the IBS vs IBD debate is that a proper diagnosis is critical for treatment. For IBS, the trick is to reduce the stress factors that appear to play such an important role, and in the case of IBD, making sure that you take antibiotics. Remember, IBS can lead to IBD and vice versa, so whatever you do, do not ignore any of the two conditions.





















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