Hypothyroidism vs PCOS, differences in symptoms, causes and treatment ;
Hypothyroidism, also referred to as underactive thyroid, has been linked with polycystic ovary syndrome, or PCOS. While many studies show that these two conditions share some of the same symptoms, most experts still say they are different health problems.
Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough of certain hormones. Having Hypothyroidism upsets the balance of chemical reactions in the body and although usually no symptoms at first because, if untreated, can lead to a number of health problems, including joining pain, obesity, heart disease, and infertility.
In PCOS, levels of sex hormones of a woman are out of balance. This can lead to ovarian cysts and menstrual cycle problems, heart function and fertility.
PCOS is a fairly common condition that some women, especially those with hypothyroidism are diagnosed.
Today, there is a lot of research on hypothyroidism and polycystic ovary syndrome, including polycystic ovary syndrome and hypothyroidism together.
link between hypothyroidism and polycystic ovary syndrome
The link between hypothyroidism and polycystic ovary syndrome is difficult to define, but recent research has been able to shed some light on the relationship between conditions. The researchers observed patients with untreated hypothyroidism with polycystic ovary syndrome, and compared with those with normal ovaries, putting both groups through a battery of hormonal assays. The test results were compared with ovarian volumes.
Thyroid hormones have many effects on the reproductive system of a woman. Changes in thyroid function, such as hypothyroidism, can lead to dysfunction of ovulation and infertility. Hypothyroidism and polycystic ovary syndrome typically include increased serum free testosterone, luteinizing hormone (LH), and high cholesterol. When the ovaries of women with hypothyroidism and polycystic ovary syndrome were seen with ultrasound, an increase ovarian volume and cystic ovaries were often visible. When replacement therapy was administered thyroid hormone and thyroid hormone levels stabilized, ovarian cysts seemed made smaller and decreased ovarian volume.
The binding of thyroid and polycystic ovary syndrome has been reported by both studies and patient reports. women with hypothyroidism often suffer from menstrual problems and fertility problems. Recent studies have shown that women with hypothyroidism, with or without polycystic ovaries, had significantly larger ovaries, suggesting that thyroid dysfunction has a great impact on the size of the ovaries and could only produce ovarian cysts.
Hypothyroidism vs SOP: prevalence USA
hypothyroidism and polycystic ovary syndrome link remains under investigation. What we do know for sure it is that the thyroid hormone regulates the metabolism, which is the way our body uses energy. This hormone affects many organs in our body. Without enough thyroid hormone, many bodily functions simply slow down.
Hypothyroidism is more common in women, but it does happen to men, too. An estimated 4.6 percent of Americans 12 and older have hypothyroidism. You are at greater risk of hypothyroidism if you have a family history of autoimmune disease, suffer from primary pulmonary hypertension have genetic syndromes such as Turner or down, a history of head and neck irradiation, or if you are over 65 years age.
Statistics show that between 10 and one in 20 women of childbearing age have PCOS. Some experts suggest that at least 5 million women in the United States may be affected by polycystic ovary syndrome, which can occur in girls as young as eleven years old.
Differentiation of SOP and the sign and symptoms of hypothyroidism
SOP and hypothyroidism share some of the same symptoms, such as fatigue, weight gain and mood swings. But if you take a careful look at the typical signs and symptoms of each condition, you will see that there is any difference between hypothyroidism and polycystic ovary syndrome.
With hypothyroidism, symptoms vary depending on the severity of the hormone deficiency, but here are some common symptoms:
- Increased sensitivity to cold
- dry skin
- weight gain
- puffy face
- muscle weakness
- high cholesterol
- muscle pain and stiffness
- Heavier menstrual periods
- decreased heart rate
- memory impairment
symptoms of PCOS can develop soon after puberty for some people and often go unnoticed in the beginning. Below is a list of signs and symptoms of typical PCOS shown:
- Weight gain
- growth of unwanted hair
- thinning hair on the head
- pelvic pain
- mood swings
- Difficulty sleeping
As you can see, the symptoms of PCOS and hypothyroidism overlap, but each has some distinct signs that differentiate them.
Comparison of hypothyroidism and PCOS causes
The question – is related to hypothyroidism and polycystic ovary syndrome? – Do not cut and dried. The evidence seems to suggest that there is a link, but not all women get both conditions at the same time. Medical researchers are still hard at work when it comes to the location of the causes of both hypothyroidism and polycystic ovary syndrome, which ultimately can help gain a better understanding of how closely related they are.
This is what we know so far about the cause of hypothyroidism. Experts say it may be due to a number of different factors, including autoimmune diseases. Autoimmune diseases occur when the immune system produces antibodies that attack its own tissues. Sometimes this can involve the thyroid gland. Other factors could be the treatment of thyroid (which can affect hormone production), radiation which affects the thyroid gland, and other medications that may trigger hypothyroidism. Whenever you are prescribed a new medication, it is important to discuss the possible side effects with your doctor.
The cause of PCOS is also a mystery. However, some researchers speculate that the excess insulin could affect the ovaries by increasing the production of androgens, which can interfere with the ability of a woman to ovulate. low-grade inflammation is another theory. Some studies have shown that women with PCOS have low-grade inflammation and stimulates polycystic ovaries to produce androgens. Finally, researchers are studying the possibility that certain genes are associated with polycystic ovary syndrome.
Hypothyroidism vs SOP: Risk factors and complications
If you have an autoimmune disease, a family history of thyroid disease have been treated with radioactive iodine or antithyroid mediations, or have had thyroid surgery, you are at greater risk of developing hypothyroidism.
If you have hypothyroidism, it is important to treat. If left untreated, the disease can lead to a number of complications, including those listed below:
- Goiter – swelling of the neck
- Heart problems – risk heart disease, enlarged heart and heart failure
- mental health problems – depression and / or slow mental functioning
- peripheral neuropathy -. Damage to the nerves that carry information from the brain to the spinal cord
- Myxedema – intense cold intolerance, followed by drowsiness and loss of consciousness. It can be fatal.
- Infertility – hypothyroidism can interfere with ovulation
- – Birth defects. more likely to intellectual and developmental problems
Symptoms of PCOS are quite difficult to treat, without adding complications to the mix. SOP complications can include any of the following:
- Diabetes – high levels of insulin or insulin resistance
- Heart problems and blood vessels
- uterine cancer
- Sleep apnea
- Problems in pregnancy -. miscarriage, gestational diabetes, and possibly caesarean birth
Difference between hypothyroidism and diagnosis and treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome
SOP and treatment of hypothyroidism vary, as diagnostics for each condition. For example, a diagnosis of hypothyroidism is based on symptoms and blood tests that measure levels of TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone) and thyroid hormone thyroxine. A low level of thyroxine and high TSH indicate hypothyroidism.
In the past, it was difficult to detect until symptoms of hypothyroidism were advanced. However, with the sensitive TSH test, it is much easier to diagnose thyroid disorders before. TSH tests are important in managing hypothyroidism because they help doctors decide what is the right dose of the drug is for an individual.
Hypothyroidism Treatment often involves the use of synthetic thyroid hormone. The oral medication is said to restore hormone levels, helping to reverse the symptoms associated with the disease. Many patients notice an improvement within one or two weeks of taking the drug. Doses need to be adjusted during the life of a patient, so the TSH level will be tested on a regular basis. For many people that means at least once a year.
When it comes to polycystic ovary or polycystic ovary syndrome, diagnosis involves a review of your medical history, symptoms, blood tests, and possibly a vaginal ultrasound to allow doctors to see the reproductive organs patient. Frequently, tests were conducted thyroid function, with fasting glucose tests and testing to assess lipid cholesterol.
Treatment for polycystic ovary syndrome focuses on managing symptoms and help the patient to avoid any complications. A healthy diet and exercise is highly recommended, especially if the excess weight is a problem. Weight loss can help regulate the menstrual cycle and the level of glucose in the blood lower. fertility drugs, anti-androgen drugs, and surgery are other treatment options. The anti-androgen drugs can help stop excess hair and reduce acne.
Most medical experts now believe that hypothyroidism polycystic ovary syndrome is real, and that there needs to be more discussion and research on the relationship between the two conditions. At the same time, it seems that it is two separate rooms with their own individual characteristics of diseases and, therefore, have to be considered separately, so when a person complains of symptoms.
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