cherries (cherry) fruit is a drupe being a family with apples, pears, plums and strawberries. red fruits that usually consists of several types, but there are two species most commonly consumed, ie, Prunus avium (sweet cherry) and Prunus cerasus (sour cherries).
Cerezo from temperate climates and difficult grown in Indonesia. Cherries are usually used as a garnish cake, while fresh fruit is quite hard to find on the market and the price is quite expensive. However, it does not hurt to occasionally consume cherries. In addition to having a compelling flavor, cherries also have a variety of health benefits.
Nutritional content of cherries
sweet and sour cherries have different nutritional content. Although both contain very low calorie, sour cherries contain more vitamin C and A 100 g of it. Guindos also rich in antioxidants beta-carotene, lutein, and zeaxanthin.
Both sweet and sour cherries also have antioxidant flavonoids stable and anthocyanin glucosides melatonin that makes color red. Ceri including foods that have an ORAC antioxidant (absorption capacity of free radicals), the largest value.
ORAC value of sweet cherries strawberries even the same height. In addition, cherries are also fortified with minerals zinc, iron, potassium, manganese and copper.
Benefits of cherries for Health
With the abundant phytochemical content include some vitamins and minerals, cherries have a variety of health benefits listed below:
cherry anthocyanins in protecting the body against oxidative damage in several ways. Namely, the fight against free radicals directly linked to DNA to prevent oxidative damage and activation systems detoxification and antioxidant enzymes in the body.
cherry anthocyanins showed protection against blood vessels and brain cells, and is expected to prevent atherosclerosis, degenerative diseases such as dementia and cancer. One study showed that anthocyanins, especially sianidin helps differentiation of cells and prevent healthy cells into cancer. Other studies show that anthocyanins can slow the progression of cells from human colon cancer.
cherries and cherry juice have been used since the 1950s to relieve symptoms of arthritis and gout or more popularly known as gout. Some own research shows that consumption of tart cherries may lower uric acid levels and inflammation in the body.
The study, presented at the Experimental Biology 2011 shows that sour cherry juice intake helps reduce levels of triglycerides, VLDL and protein molecules participate in the formation of atherosclerotic plaques that can cause heart disease. Cherries also have potassium, which helps regulate heart rate and blood pressure in the body.
cherry extract can block the action of COX-1 and COX-2 enzyme is involved in the inflammation process and the sensation of pain. The inhibitory activity of anthocyanin is even comparable to the consumption of some drugs. Research shows that patients with osteoarthritis who drank two glasses of tart cherry juice daily experienced a significant decrease in inflammation after 3 weeks. They also experienced a decrease in pain of 20%.
benefits cherry fruit
cherry fruit has many advantages and health benefits
Cherries also help relieve muscle soreness after exercise. Other studies reveal that long-distance runners who drank tart cherry juice twice a day for eight days experienced less pain than those who took placebo. In any load lifters, cherry consumption can reduce pain and maintain stamina for longer.
makes you sleep better
Cherries contain melatonin, which helps regulate the sleep-wake cycle in the human brain. Melatonin can provide a calming effect on neurons of the brain and nervous system that helps relieve insomnia and headaches. Melatonin itself is actually produced by the pineal gland in the body.
The investigation revealed that drinking tart cherry juice can increase the levels of melatonin and increases the efficiency of the duration and sleep.
helps prevent stroke
University of Michigan Health System conducted research on animal models to determine the effects of juice bitter to fat and glucose regulation cherry. As a result, sour cherries not only provide health benefits such as cardiovascular drugs commonly prescribed by doctors, but also reduces the risk of stroke. Mice significantly increased balance and coordination, as well as a decrease in blood pressure.
Good for diabetes
cherries calories and carbohydrates are low so it can be consumed by diabetics in a reasonable time. Cherries also has the potential to increase insulin production by up to 50% based on research Michingan State University. Insulin increases when stimulated with anthocyanins in cherries. Insulin production even increased by almost 2 times when the most active anthocyanin to exposed.
However, it is still necessary anthocyanins tested in animals and humans before it is used in the treatment of diabetes.