Hypothyroidism, also known as underactive thyroid or low thyroid, is a condition in which the thyroid gland it is not capable of producing. enough of the hormone thyroxine
This hormone plays a major role in bodily functions – how your body uses energy, regulates body temperature and digests food , to name a few . A low level of thyroid hormones in the body can interfere with these and other functions.
There may be several reasons why the thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones, including autoimmune diseases (Hashimoto’s thyroiditis and atrophic thyroiditis), surgical removal of part or all of the thyroid gland, treatment radiation, congenital hypothyroidism that a baby is born with inflammation of the thyroid gland, iodine intake too much or too little, any damage to the pituitary gland and side effects of certain medications.
About 4.6 percent of the US population suffers from hypothyroidism. The risk of developing hypothyroidism is greater in older women after childbirth females age 50.
Thyroid problems are easily identified by a simple blood test and often can be arranged with appropriate medications.
However, most cases of hypothyroidism undiagnosed because early symptoms are diverse and easily ignored .
If you have several signs and symptoms of this problem, see your doctor to check your thyroid hormone levels.
Read also -. 10 best foods to improve hypothyroidism
Here are 10 signs that you have an underactive thyroid
1. The unexplained weight gain
weight gain without any change in diet or physical activity may indicate low levels of thyroid hormones. These hormones help regulate the basal metabolic rate and thermogenesis and the metabolism of fats and glucose.
An underactive thyroid contributes to a lower metabolic rate, which can cause excess weight.
A 2008 study published in the Saudi Medical Journal said that the overall thyroid dysfunction is more often in overweight people with different degrees of importance.
However, more detailed studies are needed to determine the exact cause and effect relationship between obesity and hypothyroidism.
If you have unexplained weight gain is essential to consult your doctor to determine the exact cause.
2. Dry, flaky skin
If you’re following her beauty and skin care usual schedule and has not changed any of the products you use, but your skin is dry and itchy it could be a symptom of hypothyroidism.
The change in skin texture and appearance may be due to reduced blood circulation, one of the side effects of having low thyroid hormones.
In addition, a slower metabolism due to low production of thyroid hormone can reduce perspiration. Without proper sweating, the skin becomes dry and flaky.
Along with dry skin, there may be facial swelling (especially near the eyelids) and thickening of the skin on the legs with a pale or yellowish.
A 2012 study published in the Indian Journal of Dermatology notes that the most common skin function in patients with hypothyroidism is thick, rough, dry skin.
as these signs of skin are rather nonspecific and often subtle, people tend to ignore them or attribute them to other causes. It is best to consult your doctor to see if there is an underlying health condition that causes these changes in the skin.
3. Muscle soreness and pain
people suffering from hypothyroidism often experience muscle weakness, pain, stiffness or cramping. There may also be joint pain in general.
Under metabolism alters the way your body burns energy, which can affect how your muscles feel after doing regular exercises. Low thyroid often increases inflammation that may be contributing to your muscle and joint pain.
A 2000 study published in the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry notes that the neuromuscular symptoms and signs were present in most patients with thyroid problems.
In fact, about 40 percent of patients with hypothyroidism were predominantly sensory signs of axonal sensorimotor neuropathy early in the course of thyroid disease.
to unexplained muscle aches and pains, see your doctor to rule out the possibility of an undiagnosed thyroid problem or other health problems.
4. Hair Loss
The proper functioning of the thyroid gland is essential for the development and maintenance of the hair follicles, and hypothyroidism can lead to significant changes in hair growth and texture. It can also affect eyebrows and body hair.
A 2008 study published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism reports that thyroid hormones directly affect the hair follicles.
thyroid hormones thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) modulate various aspects of the anatomy of the hair from the hair growth cycle of hair pigmentation.
Another 2008 study published in the Indian Journal of Dermatology notes that many thyroid disorders, hypothyroidism is often associated with alopecia areata.
The study also emphasizes the detection of thyroid dysfunction in patients with chronic, recurrent and extensive alopecia areata.
If you are concerned about hair loss and other problems related to his hair, see your doctor to get your thyroid checked.
5. Constant fatigue and tiredness
Fatigue and exhaustion are very common in people who have hypothyroidism. When low thyroid hormones flowing through blood cells do not function properly, leading to less energy, fatigue and constant tiredness. These symptoms persist even after getting adequate sleep and rest.
A 2012 study published in the European Journal of Endocrinology notes that autoimmune hypothyroidism patients had significantly higher levels of fatigue compared with patients of differentiated thyroid carcinoma.
in a 2007 study published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, the researchers found that people with hypothyroidism undergoing 12 weeks of thyroxine treatment saw a reduction in their fatigue, LDL density (LDL) and body weight.
as tiredness, constant fatigue, drowsiness and lack of energy are associated with many diseases, it is important to consult your doctor to find out the exact reason.
6. Menstrual and fertility problems
Women with hypothyroidism may experience menstrual problems fertility, as well. Thyroid hormones have a great influence on menstruation, pregnancy, lactation, and even uterine involution after delivery.
The low thyroid function can lead to changes in menstrual cycle length and blood flow of a woman. A 2015 study published in the Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India noted that thyroid dysfunction is an important cause etiology of menstrual abnormalities.
In fact, the study emphasizes the evaluation of thyroid function in all patients with menstrual disorders to avoid unnecessary interventions such as curettage and hysterectomy.
infertility can also be caused by thyroid disorders undiagnosed.
A 2012 study published in the International Journal of Applied Basic Medical Research reports that hypothyroidism can affect fertility due to anovulatory cycles, luteal phase defect, hyperprolactinemia and the imbalance of sex hormones.
with simple, hypothyroidism oral treatment for 3 months to 1 year, asymptomatic infertile women can improve their chances of conceiving.
for any changes in menstrual pattern and problems getting pregnant, it is important that your thyroid checked.
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