Avoid Zika virus: What you need to know ;
is hard to believe that a small bite of a mosquito is capable of causing both hurt . But that’s exactly what we’re seeing with the emergence of Zika virus – and the situation is evolving rapidly. As the career researchers to understand how virus by mosquitoes impacts us is transmitted, one thing is clear :. Avoid virus Zika should be on the priority list of all
In April 2016, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) researchers confirmed what officials feared health – virus Zika it is responsible for microcephaly , a birth defect that causes a baby’s head to be smaller than expected. Infants with microcephaly often have smaller brains with a tendency to abnormal development. ( 1 )
Zika virus damage ‘does not end there, either. A new research presented at the American Academy of Neurology 68th Annual Meeting of the virus binds to a similar neurological condition Multiple Sclerosis . Researchers believe Zika could trigger autoimmune disease called acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM). In ADEM, a person suffering from an attack of inflammation of the brain and spinal cord. This condition attacks myelin brain MS-like manner. ( 2 )
According to the CDC, the Ministry of Health of Brazil is also reporting an increased number of infected people Zika experience Guillain-Barre syndrome , a nervous system disease that causes muscle weakness and sometimes paralysis.
What is the Zika virus? 5 short data
While it is clear that we still have much to learn about the Zika virus, this is what we know:
- Zika virus is transmitted by the Aedes mosquito species ( A. aegypti and A. albopictus ). These same mosquitoes spread dengue and chikungunya. These mosquitoes are biting aggresssive daytime and night-bite. Only female mosquitoes bite.
- While these mosquitoes are found in some parts of the US, officials say that from mid-April 2016, no one has contracted the Zika virus in the US Americans have contracted Zika when traveling outside the country, however. And in mid-April, about 460 people contracted the disease locally in the US territories of Puerto Rico, American Samoa and the Virgin Islands ( 3 ).
- Aedes aegypti has spread most cases Zika. This mosquito is common in Florida, Hawaii and the Gulf Coast. It has been found as far north as Washington, DC, however, when it is particularly hot. ( 4 )
- In May 2015, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) issued an alert regarding the first confirmed infection Zika virus in Brazil. On February 1, 2016, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the virus Zika public health emergency of international concern (PHEIC). ( 5 )
- There is no vaccine or treatment for the Zika virus, although most infected people experience no symptoms or health problems long term. It is unclear what role antiviral herbs could play in alleviating the symptoms of Zika virus in people sickened by the virus, although they have used certain herbs during centuries to treat other types of virus.
Symptoms Zika virus
The symptoms and side effects vary dramatically Zika virus. Most people infected with the virus Zika are free of symptoms and never know they were infected
most common symptoms of Zika virus passed from two to seven days and include :.
- red eyes
- joint pain
headaches and pains muscle are other symptoms, although they are reported less frequently. (6)
How does Zika virus spread
- mosquito bites
The most common form transmission ?: the bite of an infected Aedes mosquito species (A. aegypti and A. albopictus).
These are the same mosquitoes that spread dengue virus and chikungunya.
- mother to child
A pregnant woman can pass the Zika virus to the fetus during pregnancy. An already infected by the virus Zika mother near the time of delivery can transmit the virus to her newborn around the time of birth child. From April 2016, there have been reports of HIV transmission through breastfeeding.
- through sexual contact
A man can transmit Zika virus to their sexual partners (male or female) through semen. Zika virus can be spread when a man has symptoms before the onset of symptoms and after resolution of symptoms. A 2016 New England Journal of Medicine study found Zika can be transmitted through anal sex, too. ( 7 )
- Through Blood Transfusion
Multiple reports of transmission of blood transfusion are being investigated in Brazil. During the outbreak of French Polynesia in 2013, 2.8 percent of blood donors tested positive for Zika
Travel Warnings :. from mid-April 2016, the CDC urged pregnant to avoid traveling to places Zika-prone women, if possible. For now, that is one of the main ways to avoid Zika virus. Check the list of CDC updated travel advisories
Insect repellents approved by the CDC :. Avoid Zika virus is a challenge, but there are a number of proven techniques to hold off mosquito bites by using repellents ways. The CDC says repellents should contain Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) -registered insect repellents such as DEET, picaridin, IR3535, oil of lemon eucalyptus, or para-menthane-diol. Be sure to read the labels and strictly follow the instructions. If you are using a sunscreen, be sure to apply insect repellent after sun protector. ( 8 9 )
uses of essential oils and benefits sometimes include prevention of mosquito bite. For example, citronella oil it is sometimes used to control mosquitoes. Consumer Reports evidence, however, that citronella is not always repels mosquitoes effectively
important to protect children Note :.
- not use insect repellent on infants younger than 2 months old.
- not to use products containing oil of lemon eucalyptus or para-menthanediol in children under 3 years of age.
- Dress your child in clothes that cover arms and legs.
- covered crib, stroller and baby carrier with a mosquito net.
- do not apply insect repellent on a child’s hands, eyes, mouth, and skin irritations cuts or
- adults :. insect repellent spray on your hands and then apply to the face of a child. (10)
The Zika-Fighting Dress code :. Wear light-colored, long-sleeved shirts and long pants to reduce the risk of a bite
Possibility of Papaya papaya leaves have been used to treat dengue fever, a disease transmitted by a virus transmitted by the same mosquitoes that infect people with the virus Zika. A study analyzing the power of papaya against dengue found mixing plant leaves with water and give patients twice daily resulted in a decrease in viral activity after 5 days ( 11 ) . It is unclear whether papaya leaves could help in the treatment of Zika virus, but it is possible topic for future research.
Final Thoughts on Avoiding Zika Virus
The Zika virus can cause birth defects if a pregnant mother is infected. Researchers now believe that the Zika virus is also involved in an MS-like autoimmune disease. Researchers are struggling to better understand this new health threat.
Avoid Zika virus can be tricky, but the best way to avoid the bite of an infected mosquito is to avoid traveling to areas prone to Zika. From mid-April, no one has been bitten in the United States, although Zika-transmitting mosquitoes are common in Florida, Hawaii and the Gulf Coast.
Most people who are infected with Zika virus show no symptoms, although some do develop a rash, fever, joint pain and red eyes. One of the most serious side effects of Zika involves a birth defect that causes babies head to be smaller than normal.
This serves as a sad reminder that mosquitoes carry some serious diseases, including those who need to understand better.
The post Avoid Zika virus: What you need to know appeared first on http://draxe.com/avoiding-zika-virus/