Drugs and medications to treat prostate cancer ;
The prostate in front of the rectum of men, just below the bladder. It is an exocrine gland that has the shape of an almond and helps produce seminal fluid that carries sperm. It plays an important role in the male reproductive system . When prostate cells multiply and grow abnormally, the result is prostate cancer. It progresses very slowly, and many men do not even experience any symptoms until they have reached old age.
Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer affecting men . It is important to be tested for evaluation done regularly since this disease may progress slowly undetected and can cause serious problems in advanced stages. Early detection can help in the successful treatment of this condition. A person detected with prostate cancer treated with cancer therapies prescribed using different drugs and medicines. Given here are some drugs and drugs that are popularly used for the management of prostate cancer.
Drugs and medications to treat prostate cancer
releasing hormone luteinizing gonadotropin (LH RH) antagonists drugs that inhibit the production of testosterone , the male hormone. This is necessary as reduced levels of this male hormone can help prevent the formation of cancer cells.
Antagonists work faster agonists in reducing testosterone levels. Degarelix (Firmagon) is a drug that is commonly used given as an injection every month for men with advanced prostate cancer.
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agonists These are the drugs used in hormone therapy to prevent signals to produce testosterone reach the testicles. LHRH agonists cause outbreaks compared to LHRH antagonists and work slowly.
These drugs are administered in the early stages of prostate cancer. Some of the drugs commonly used for this type of hormonal therapy are leuprolide, triptorelin, goserelin and histrelin.
These drugs are used to treat prostate cancer because it can help prevent testosterone, the male hormone, reach the cells cancer. This helps prevent further multiplication of cancer cells.
Some of the commonly used drugs, which are anti-androgens, they are bicalutamide, flutamide and nilutamide. These drugs are taken in pill form and have to be taken just before taking a LH RH agonist, or along with it.
inhibitors of CYP17
inhibitors of CYP17 are drugs that block an enzyme called CYP17 that helps prevent the production of certain hormones by the cells in the body, including prostate cancer cells. This can help prevent the growth of cancer cells in the prostate gland.
drug used commonly abiraterone (Zytiga) helps block CYP17 and it is generally used together with prednisone before chemotherapy. This should be taken as a daily pill as prescribed by the specialist.
Chemotherapy may be recommended for men whose prostate cancer has spread to other parts of hormone therapy the body and is not working Their case. Many chemotherapy drugs are used to treat prostate cancer.
Some of the chemotherapy drugs commonly used are Docetaxel, mitoxantrone, cabazitaxel , etc. These drugs can be taken in pill form, administered intravenously, or both methods can be used at the same time. Chemotherapy has many side effects vary from one person to another.
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