Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a lung disease characterized by chronic poverty airflow that makes breathing difficult. This progressive disease is also known as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), which is the third leading cause of death in the United States. Men are more likely to suffer from this problem than women.
The primary cause of COPD is smoking. Other causes include long-term exposure to secondhand smoke and other lung irritants such as air pollution, chemical fumes and dust from the environment or workplace. Rarely, a genetic condition called alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency can also cause it.
Initially, the disease may have no symptoms or only mild symptoms. Over time, symptoms may include persistent cough that produces a lot of mucus, difficulty breathing wheezing chest tightness , lack of energy and weight loss. People with COPD are also prone to frequent colds and flu.
If left unchecked, COPD may lead to other health complications such as respiratory infections, high blood pressure, heart problems, lung cancer and depression.
The lung damage caused by COPD is irreversible. However, with changes in lifestyle, medications and simple home remedies, you can control symptoms and minimize damage. Treatment also focuses on preventing complications and improving your overall health.
Here are the top 10 ways to cope with COPD.
If you suffer from COPD, quitting smoking can help control their condition and improve their quality of life . Cigarette smoke contains thousands of chemicals and toxins that affect be inhaled into the lungs immensely damaging. Eventually, these toxins cause abnormal pulmonary irritation, causing the onset of COPD.
To relieve symptoms, take the necessary measures to stop smoking. There are many resources and professional help. Ask your doctor for referrals if you are struggling to quit.
2. Avoid lung irritants
should also limit their exposure to common lung irritants, such as secondhand smoke and other air pollutants. Dust, pollen, smoke, pet dander and chemicals from cleaning products, paint and textiles can cause asthma attacks. Even synthetic fragrances used in air fresheners emit toxic chemicals that are harmful to the lungs.
- avoid places where others smoke.
- Avoid being around people who smoke heavily.
- avoid highly polluted and industrialized areas.
- Try to stay indoors, especially when pollution levels are particularly high.
- Keep your indoor air pollution under control with the help of an air purifier. You can also keep houseplants to improve indoor air quality.
- If you must be outside, limit your exercise or physical activity.
- Upon leaving, wear a surgical mask to protect your lungs from irritants.
3. Avoid extreme weather conditions
Even a slight change in weather or temperature can trigger symptoms of COPD, such as lack of breath, cough and sputum production.
Whether is very hot and humid or too cold, you have to be very careful, because every type of weather brings its own set of breathing problems. Obviously you can not control the weather outside, but you can manage your indoor environment.
During the hot and humid weather, try to stay in a cool environment, with air conditioning. Also, plan your schedule so that most of your outdoor activities can be done during the early morning or late at night.
If the cold and windy weather triggers the symptoms, wear a face mask or scarf over your nose and mouth. Also, try to breathe through the nose. Try to stay in a comfortably warm room and dress warmly to keep your body warm.
4. Avoid respiratory infections
Because lung damage, people with COPD are more prone to bacterial and viral infections. harmful bacteria and viruses cause a breakdown in the lining of the airways, leading to inflammation and problems breathing. Moreover, they can lead to serious complications in people who suffer from lung disease.
- annual flu shots and pneumonia are essential if you suffer from this progressive lung disease.
- Follow good hand washing hygiene standards.
- Cover your nose and mouth with a clean handkerchief when coughing or sneezing.
- crowds and socializing with people who are sick.
- Drink plenty of water and using a humidifier can help.
- In case of an infection, see your doctor immediately.
5. Breathing exercises
Breathing exercises can help improve breathing in people with COPD. According to the American Association for Respiratory Care, pursed-lip breathing and diaphragmatic breathing are very useful in this regard.
pursed-lip breathing is a simple exercise to control shortness of breath. It also invites you to relax, relieves anxiety and makes it easier to breathe normally.
Diaphragmatic breathing, also known as deep breathing strengthens the diaphragm muscle so you can breathe without difficulty. It also helps to use less energy and effort while breathing.
You can ask your doctor or respiratory therapist about these breathing techniques.
6. Exercise regularly
may find it difficult to exercise with symptoms of COPD, but regular exercise can strengthen the muscles to help breathe properly and improve their overall well-being.
also it helps improve your energy levels and circulation. Any kind of physical activity that gets you moving can be helpful.
In a 2007 study published in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, the researchers concluded that moderate to high levels of regular physical activity may reduce lung function decline and COPD risk among smokers .
There are different types of exercise that a person with COPD can do.
- cardiovascular exercise that involves constant aerobic activity is a good choice.
- strengthening or endurance exercises can strengthen the respiratory muscles.
- stretching and flexibility exercises like yoga can improve breathing.
always talk to your doctor before starting an exercise program.
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