How to deal with bites and stings

How to deal with bites and stings ;

Animal bites may not be a primary concern for others, but medically speaking, these bites have harmful health effects human. Snake bites and poison can enter the body, while bites dogs and cats can induce infectious diseases, such as rabies. It is known that the venom and rage can cause systemic adverse effects and even death.

In line with animal bites, the following are some of the interventions that a person can do to manage the event.

bee and wasp

bees or wasps inject venom through its stinger in the skin of its victim. In fact, hornets, wasps and yellow jackets do not have stingers Stingers, allowing them to sting multiple times, according to Medicine Net . Meanwhile, the honey bee has a barbed stinger that remains on the skin of the victim, along with his sack of poison.

Along with the introduction of the poison of a person’s skin are local reactions, including redness, pain, pruritus (or itching), and swelling. Another concern is the reaction is anaphylaxis, a life-threatening allergic reaction life, as evidenced by breathing and swallowing difficulties, cramps, abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting, angioedema and urticaria.

In the case of a bee, wasp, or their bites relating to a person, the emergency medical services should be contacted, especially if the person has a history of severe insect bites reactions, according to the publication . Then, the person also checks to see if the stinger is present by looking for a small black spot at the site of the bite. If visible, the sting slides and removed with a hard object like a dull knife or a credit card. The immediate removal of the sting can help save a person of reactions, as some venom sacs, such as honey bee, take two to three minutes to release their poison. The area is also cleaned with soap and agents as ice and cold compresses, hydrocortisone, and meat tenderizer in order to manage inflammation and water. In addition, antihistamines such as diphenhydramine (Benadryl) and analgesics such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen can also be taken to relieve symptoms.

Snake bites

A bite from a poisonous snake is considered a medical emergency, according to Medline Plus . According to the publication, snakebites represent 2.5 million cases each year and leads to about 125,000 deaths. It is noted that areas with the highest number of secondary to snakebite death include Africa, Brazil, India and Southeast Asia.

When it comes to species, are known to bite cobra, viper, coral snake, cottonmouth, rattlesnake, snakes and zoos are poisonous and should be handled promptly. Snakebite symptoms often include swelling, bleeding, blurred vision, burning sensation on the skin, diarrhea, seizures, fever, dizziness, excessive sweating, and increased thirst, among others.

If a person is bitten by a snake, it is important to ask the person about the characteristics of the serpent and the appearance of the bite, to see if the bite is from a poisonous snake. You also need to remain calm and reassure the bit can be treated in the emergency room. It is important to limit movement and keep the affected area below heart level in order to slow the flow of venom area. A suction pump can be used just by following the manufacturer’s instructions, but the rings and constricting elements should be eliminated, because the affected area may swell. A loose splint can be used to limit the movement of the area. temperature, pulse, breathing rate and blood pressure – – vitals of the person are also assessed whether access to sphygmomanometer. There are signs of shock, such as paleness, dizziness, the person is laid flat and covered with a blanket while the feet are raised about a foot.

dog, cat, rat, and Bat Bites

While animals like dogs and cats are domesticated, their bites are are still a threat to human health. According to Control and Prevention Center disease, the dog or cat may be limited by the owner for ten days for observation. According to the publication, no person in the United States has become increasingly the rage of a ferret dog, a cat or dog in quarantine by its owner for ten days. The key point is that when the dog or cat appeared ill at the time he bit a person or become ill within the quarantine of ten days, the animal should be taken to the vet for further evaluation and the person should go to doctor about the need for an anti-rabies prophylaxis.

In general, animal bites are potentially deadly and can end his life if not managed immediately. Therefore, interventions must be done to eradicate the threat they carry.

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