How to build a fully self-sustaining Home ;
More than four decades, a lonely architect had what must have seemed at the time like an impossible dream: to build a new type of residence would be in complete harmony with the planet. This house would be recycled and sustainable materials. It would depend on clean energy and renewable resources to supply its inhabitants with the most basic and essential needs. Its purpose would be to be available and using construction techniques that are so simple that no could build it.
This vision was the beginning of what is now known as the Earthship – a remarkable feat of sustainable living. Environmental, economic and ethical reasons to live in an Earthship – or self-sufficient home for that matter – are plentiful. Whether you are breaking construction of a new home or want to incorporate these concepts into their existing home, read on for a breakdown of the principles of self-sustaining home.
Four walls and a roof
Although the size of the average American family has been reduced from 3.3 persons per household in 1960 to 2.54 in 2014 the housing demand larger continues to grow. Between 1973 and 2013, the average size of new single-family homes increased by 55% over 1525-2384 square feet. traditional building practices have a tremendous impact on the natural environment, and the greater the origin of the greatest resources and energy required to build and maintain. Construction materials are a source of indoor air pollutants, which can be two to five times higher than outdoor pollution. And, of course, it costs more money to energy, heat and cool a large space.
To eliminate the environmental impacts of construction (it takes about three quarters of an acre of forest to build a conventional house), building materials must be recycled, recovered, locally available, renewable, sustainable, and above all, have a negative carbon footprint. materials main building Earthship scrap tires are automobile, aluminum cans and glass bottles encased in rammed earth – an ancient method that creates strong walls, noncombustible. This allows the structure to achieve thermal mass , which keeps home efficiently warm in winter and cool in summer without the need for heating and cooling separately.
The idea of salvage materials that would have otherwise languished in a landfill is ingenious, but there are other options available when a green house is built. Loans prehistoric times, between cob houses are made with earth and straw, they are inexpensive to build, and are fireproof and resistant to earthquakes. Another is hemp house built with Hempcrete – a mixture of industrial hemp, lime and water. roofs of vegetation, or green ceilings, reduce heat loss and stormwater runoff during air cleaning. And although this House of waste was built with 85% of garbage – such as DVD boxes and toothbrushes -. source of recycled materials from deconstructed buildings markets PlanetReuse
also can Last year, the United States consumes more than four billion kilowatt-hours of electricity, 67% of which was derived from fossil fuels. Moving away from coal and natural gas to renewable and clean energy is becoming more and more accessible, as technological innovations and falling prices continue making adjustments on a small scale, outside the practical and affordable network. `
Solar energy, wind energy, or hybrid of the two are all viable options, depending on the orientation and location of the place. The (PV) solar photovoltaic systems work more efficiently in southwestern states , but people of almost any region can benefit from a series of solar panels, provided that the site receives direct sunlight. wind maps may also help predict annual average speeds of wind of their geographical location. There many factors to consider before deciding on a renewable energy system, but once established reliably supply your home with cleaning (and free!) Of electricity.
water and waste management
According to the report United Nations World Water Development , if global demand water is maintained at current levels, which would face a deficit of 40% in just 15 years. Even bleaker, water scarcity in the US It is expected for 40 of the 50 states over the next 10 years. Unless a radical change in the way we use and treat this precious resource is carried out, water scarcity will soon be a fact of life.
rainwater collection offers an independent solution to regional water shortages by collecting precipitation – including snow – in a catchment area, such as a roof. From there, the water is fed by gravity in a tank, and then channeled into a pumping system (by water pressure) and filtered (for potability). Solar water heaters can be installed to take care of most, if not all, of your hot water needs; a gas of physical backup or low biodiesel demand water heater can also be used as a supplement.
Now here’s where things get really environmentally friendly: after drinking water is used for showering, laundry, cleaning, and so on, is collected and recycled three times more . This “gray water” is generally composed of leftover food, soap scum, cleaning, dirt, grease and hair. Large particles are filtered before it is routed to the greenhouse (more on this later) which provides irrigation and nutrients to edible plants. Garden soil and root systems of plants clean naturally and filtered gray water, and once this is achieved, the water is collected again to provide the transparent and odorless to flush toilets water. Finally, the water flushing toilets, referred to as “black water” is contained and treated in a solar septic tank. black water can be piped to a drain field or irrigation, outdoor inedible plants. A visual representation of this wonderful setting can be found here .
The end of the Earthship touch is the ability to produce their own organic food, throughout the year. Since Earthship is a passive solar design, south-facing windows are needed to absorb the sun’s heat. This glass wall makes perfect place for fruits, vegetables, herbs and flowering plants, with a growth area large enough to feed a small family. gray water from the house, which is rich in nitrogen and completely safe for plants carrying food, is automatically pumped into the garden – and that means considerably less maintenance day. By using gray water for irrigation is best cleaned with products that are natural, biodegradable and non-toxic .
want to explore more about organic gardening and growing your own food? Visit our “ Gardening ” section and see what we have to offer. Some personal favorites include:
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