Heatstroke, also known as heat stroke is a serious condition in which the body can not cool itself through sweating and overheated.
People are more likely to have a heat cramps or heat exhaustion , which are less severe conditions first. But when these problems are not treated and controlled in time, lead to heat stroke.
Heat stroke is common among people who live in hot and humid climates. Occurs mainly due to a combination of dehydration and heavy exertion in the sun .
Other factors that increase the risk include alcohol consumption, use of excessive clothing, strenuous physical activity, sweat gland dysfunction and cardiovascular disease.
The main sign of heatstroke is a sudden increase in body temperature. Other symptoms include fatigue, headache and dizziness, decreased sweating, muscle cramps or weakness, rapid pulse, nausea and vomiting, skin redness or flushing, shortness of breath, confusion and even loss of consciousness.
Anyone can experience this problem during hot summer days, but some people are more susceptible to it. People aged 65 years or older are more likely to have heat stroke. People traveling to warm, moist places, for the first time are also at higher risk.
Heatstroke can be fatal if not treated immediately. Always seek professional help. Without treatment, it can cause severe damage to the brain or other vital organs.
However, there are many precautions and lifestyle changes that can help prevent heat stroke.
Here are the top 10 ways to prevent heatstroke.
1. Avoid peak sun
Stay out of the sun during the hottest hours of the day, 10 am to 4 pm However, if it is very hot before or after these times, also avoid being in direct sunlight at the time.
If possible, schedule outdoor activities for cooler times of the day, early morning or after sunset. If you must go when it is hot, be sure to apply sunscreen, wear a hat and stay in the shade whenever possible. Also, do not forget to bring a bottle of water with you.
2. acclimatize to the heat
Allow your body to acclimatize to heat to increase their ability to do hard work during the hot summer days. Acclimating slowly means getting your body used to the weather.
A sudden change in temperature can cause illness. So, after spending a long time in the sun, get some rest before entering a building with air conditioning. This will prepare your body to handle the change in temperature.
Similarly, after sitting in an air-conditioning, stay outside in the shade for a while before going outside.
If traveling to warmer climates for vacation or work, allow your body used to the heat before spending the day out.
3. Exercise carefully
Exercise is good for your overall health, but any strenuous activity during the day during the summer months can raise your body temperature, which leading to heat exhaustion or heat stroke. During the summer season, plan your exercise routine accordingly.
- Avoid strenuous exercise during the day.
- Avoid playing sports outdoors during peak hours of the day.
- Schedule your strenuous exercise during the coolest hours of the day.
- If you go for a morning walk, do it before the outside temperature is too high.
- do aerobics at home and take regular breaks.
- drink plenty of fluids before, during and after exercise.
- can also opt for a gym, but make sure you have air conditioning.
4. Park your car sensibly
When I parked in the sun, the temperature inside your car rises rapidly. In addition, the oxygen level inside the car becomes dangerously low. This can lead to heat stroke and even death.
- park your car in a shady place.
- lock the car after parking to prevent children from coming to Always.
- not sit in a parked car. Instead, he stopped in his car under a bit of shade.
- Do not leave children or elderly in a parked car, even for a few minutes.
- Never leave animals, especially dogs, in a parked car.
- do not take a nap inside a parked car during hot summer.
- If you have to sit in the car on a hot day, make sure the air conditioning is on or at least open the windows all the way.
5. Test home
To prevent heat exhaustion and heat stroke can even try some home remedies that can help regulate body temperature and keep your body cool.
- makes a refreshing summer drink with pulp of raw mangoes. Boil 4-5 raw mangoes with skin. Allow to cool, then remove the pulp. Put 2 tablespoons of the pasta in a glass of cold water. Add 1 tablespoon sugar and 1 teaspoon of salt and roasted cumin seeds. Drink 2 or 3 times a day to keep your body cool.
- Onions are good to protect themselves from heat stroke. You can eat onions in any form, preferably in raw form, to avoid the problems associated with the heat in the summer.
- juices cilantro or basil leaves are also very effective in keeping the body cool.
- Drink a glass of green coconut water twice a day.
6. Dress for the Season
During the summer, you have to choose your clothes wisely.
- light fabrics that allow your body to breathe can help keep you cool. Fabrics like cotton, linen, seersucker and chambray are the best options.
- Change to a lighter color palette. Lighter shades not absorb heat and help keep the body cool. At the same time, wear light, loose clothing. Avoid wearing tight clothing or too much clothing that does not allow your body to cool down adequately.
- Upon leaving, cover your head with a wide-brimmed hat, cap or scarf. Wear sunglasses to protect your eyes. Also, bring an umbrella to protect themselves from the sun.
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