His hands are like a business card – they say a lot about you and the person you are for the firs time can read a lot of the condition of their hands. If that person is a doctor, he or she also can tell a lot about the state of their health just by looking at her nails. One of the signs that something might be out of balance in your health are white spots on fingernails, called leukonychia.
can be caused by several factors, both physical and chemical, and depending on the reason, there are many ways to deal with them. Luckily, these white markings rarely require medical consultation and can be treated through some simple home treatments.
What is leukonychia?
White markings that sometimes occur in the fingernails are small and usually semicircular. If they appear in the toenails, he often referred to as “nails Jogger ‘because this is a common condition in people who play sports. These white spots are not painful and are not a serious health problem, but they can be a sign of a disease that should be treated as soon as possible in order to prevent any severe developmental disease.
Depending on the cause, white spots on nails can grow on their own and do not require any action on your side or may be a sign of certain deficiencies, in which case you must identify and replenish the vitamins and minerals that are missing.
causes white spots on nails
white markings could be the result of mechanical damage to the nail matrix (eg jogging or put too much pressure on the nail for manicure). The injury usually takes place a few weeks before the white mark appears, so many people do not associate the incident with the appearance of leukonychia. The white spots are caused by mechanical damage grow on their own and all you have to do to prevent further injury.
Some manicure products such as nail polish, nail hardeners, nail polish removers etc., may contain chemicals that damage nails instead of protecting them. Sometimes a product you have been using for a long time can suddenly cause an allergic reaction, so be careful and watch your nails to see if all products bring benefits to using nails or the opposite.
is a good idea to switch occasionally cosmetics brand you use for your manicure and leave your nails free enamel once every few weeks, If you’re so used to having painted nails not you feel comfortable with nothing in them, you can sill give them a break from time to time, putting in a nail conditioner color. These products often have natural colors – white or beige peach -. But they have a very elegant look and can be used to make french manicure
The fungal infection
Although most often in the toenails, fungal infection also happens in the nails. The fungus needs a warm and humid environment to develop, therefore, does not happen very often that occurs in the nail. That’s why you should not panic if you see some white spots. Only after trying some of the remedies we recommend below and still see no improvement, you should take into account anti-fungal treatment.
One of the minerals that are crucial to maintaining strong and healthy nails is zinc. When the level of this mineral falls below the required level, the body alarms with white spots on fingernails. You can easily reset the level of this mineral by incorporating oysters, spinach, nuts, whole grains, baked beans and yogurt in your diet. While white spots caused by zinc deficiency is not a major problem, prolonged abnormal level of zinc can cause diarrhea, weak immunity, thinning hair, susceptibility to stress, acne and rashes.
white marks on nails can also be a sign of calcium deficiency. Since this is the most common problem, there are several products that allegedly manicure contain calcium and can help replenish much needed mineral in the nail. However, these products are not as effective as the introduction of changes in your diet or taking calcium supplements. You can increase your intake of cheese, yogurt, milk, sardines, soybeans and soy milk. As in any other case of mineral deficiency, white marks on the nails are just the tip of the iceberg. If it lasts longer, it can lead to muscle spasms, depression, hallucinations, numbness in the hands, feet and face, as well as the structure of weakened bones.
If the body lacks protein, it can also show the nails as white lines. This is a common problem of many vegetarians who do not complement proteins properly. If eating meat and fish and has white lines on the nails, try eating more turkey breast, salmon, tuna, pork and lean beef. If you are vegetarian, increase the intake of tofu, beans, soy milk, nuts and seeds. People who lack protein can cause muscle cramps, mood swings, lack of energy and may have trouble sleeping. In the long term, these problems can become more severe, neurological condition.
home remedies for white spots on nails
In order to ensure rapid regeneration of fingernails, you need to ensure that they are hydrated properly and regularly. Rub vitamin E oil or nourishing hand cream. Do every night before going to bed and after some time you wash your hands. Also, remember that moisturizers are only blocked in the water inside your skin and needs to be replaced by drinking at least 1.5 liters per day.
Certain foods are highly beneficial to the nails, their healthy growth and regeneration. Apart from the aforementioned foods rich in zinc, calcium and protein, you should ensure that you take in a lot of products rich in vitamin C (eg oranges, lemons, grapefruits, apples, carrots and strawberries) and sulfur ( for example, broccoli, cabbage, kale, turnips, poultry, fish, meats, nuts and legumes).
If white spots are caused by mechanical injury, the easiest way to get rid of it is just to let it grow. Patience may be required, however, since – depending on the person – the growth process the entire length of nails can take up to eight months. Once the whites grow beyond the bed of nails, you can shorten safely. Meanwhile, if the white spot bother you much or too ugly, you can cover it with a nail polish color or nail conditioner.
Tea Tree Oil
tea tree oil can be used in a treatment of white spots, regardless of the cause of the problem. If occurred because of a mechanical injury, tea tree oil will nourish and hydrate nails. If fungus is the cause, the oil has antiseptic and antifungal properties. Remember that this oil should always be diluted with a carrier oil, such as olive oil or jojoba oil, otherwise it may be too harsh on the skin around the nails. Mix a few drops of tea tree oil with a few drops of olive oil or jojoba and rub it on all nails. Leave on for 15 to 20 minutes and rinse with warm water. Repeat three to four times a week until you see the white marks on fingernails are completely gone.
Orange oil has similar properties to tea tree oil and can be of great help when you want to get rid of white spots on nails. In addition, it brightens up your nails if they have lost the healthy color due to constant use of chemicals such as nail polish and nail polish remover. Apply orange oil directly on the fingernails and leave for 45 minutes to an hour. It should be soaked completely nail. Wash your hands and apply a moisturizer to complete treatment.
Vinegar has antibacterial, antifungal and bleaching. It can be used to remove the white marks on nails soak nails in a solution of one part vinegar and two parts warm water. Immerse your nails in the mixture for at least ten minutes, then rinse hands and dry them well. To see good results, you need to repeat the process three times a week for three to four weeks. Remember that vinegar can be harsh on the skin so any signs of redness or itching after the first treatment is observed, dilute vinegar in a greater amount of water to make it suitable for sensitive skin.
If you suspect white marks on nails can be caused by the fungus, garlic treatment may be your best bet. Garlic works as a natural antibiotic and has antibacterial, antiviral and antifungal properties. You can use garlic cloves, cut in half and rub on the fingernails, then let the garlic juice on your nails to dry and rinse after 15 to 20 minutes. Alternatively, you can apply garlic oil also will soak the nails and nurture. It is also recommended to increase the intake of garlic or garlic supplements in case of a possible fungal infection.
Another natural product that can help eliminate white spots on fingernails and to nourish and brighten them is lemon juice. It has antiseptic properties and contains high levels of vitamin C. As mentioned earlier, this vitamin deficiency is one of the possible reasons for white spots occurrence. Cut a slice of lemon and rub the inside of all nails. Leave the lemon juice to dry and rinse with warm water after 20 to 30 minutes. Alternatively, you can use the essential oil of lemon and rub it on the fingernails before bedtime. Since it could be a little harsh on the skin, dilute with a few drops of olive oil. Continue treatment for five to six weeks. You should see the satisfaction of the results much earlier, but worth giving your nails a boost of vitamin C in order to prevent reoccurrence of white patches.
Soaking nails in natural yogurt is also a very effective method for the removal of white spots on nails because it gives them a protein boost. You should only use plain yogurt, sugar for this treatment. Put three tablespoons of yogurt in a small bowl. They can add a few drops of vitamin E oil or lemon juice and mix. Immerse your nails in yogurt and keep 10 to 15 minutes. Rinse your fingers with warm water and dry them well to prevent the development of fungi. For best results, complete the treatment with a nourishing hand cream and repeat daily for a month.
When to see the doctor
If none of the above solutions work, the underlying problem causing white spots may be something that affects other aspects of your health, too. That is why despite the white spots on fingernails may seem too small to consult a doctor about them, you should definitely do it. Otherwise, you run the risk of developing a disease that will take much longer to heal than small spots on nails. If the marks are made larger or if the nails become weak and flaky, it could be a sign of a severe deficiency of vitamins and minerals.
Your doctor will perform a special test to determine which elements of your body needs and – if necessary – he or she will prescribe appropriate medications. Also, if the white spots are caused by fungi and antifungal home remedies do not work, it may mean that the infection is too deep for topical products to reach. In that case, the doctor will prescribe special oral antibiotics and antifungal cream
White Spots on Nails: Causes and Remedies for White Fingernails, article source: http://www.healthtipscity.com/white-spots-on-nails/